Saffron is a small, perennial plant with a height of 10 to 30 cm. From the middle of the onion or stem, a number of narrow and long leaves emerge. From the middle of the leaves, a flowering stem emerges that leads to one to three flowers. The flowers have purple petals that may be mud or purple in some areas.
Saffron has euphoric properties and today some European pharmaceutical companies use it as an antidepressant
Crocin and safranal in saffron have a similar effect to antidepressants
Crocin is a chemical compound that is responsible for coloring saffron.
Picrocrocin has a bitter taste that is mostly responsible for the taste of saffron.